Marijuana is an herb that has elicited a lot of controversy because of its outlaw image, legal status and the complex makeup. It is made of more than 400 different chemicals which affect the body and mind in different ways. This has led to its medical and recreational use. Discussed here are five ways in which medical marijuana helps its users.
1. Pain Management
Pain is the most common indication of medical marijuana in the US. It is effective in different types of pain ranging from a simple headache, neuropathic pain and cancer pain. It is a better alternative than opiate analgesics because it is less habit forming and carries relatively no fatal overdose risk.
The active compounds in cannabis are used in management of migraines and cluster headaches more effectively that prescription migraine medications. It reduces the frequency and severity of migraine pain with fewer side effects.
2. Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis
Medical marijuana has proven beneficial in management of multiple sclerosis symptoms. Improved muscle stiffness was reported in a recent study. In addition, other symptoms of multiple sclerosis such as pain, spasms and sleep disturbances are improved by medical marijuana.
It also improves the overactive bladder brought about by multiple sclerosis because of the spasms of bladder muscles. Other symptoms alleviated include fatigue, muscle weakness and anxiety.
3. Management of Nausea and Appetite Induction
Medical marijuana has been prescribed to stop nausea and induce appetite. This is more common with patients who have problems with eating such as AIDS patients as well as those under chemotherapy. By ingesting marijuana, these patients are able to keep eating and retain the food in the stomach for digestion. This helps them in combating loss of weight and muscle wasting.
4. Children Seizures
There is evidence that medical marijuana is beneficial in children suffering from epilepsy. The strains used have a lower concentration of tetrahydrocannaninol, the chemical responsible for the psychoactive effects of being high. Instead, it contains a high concentration of cannabidiol (CBD) which is non-psychoactive compound.
CBD has shown several positive effects in different body systems including the nervous system hence the potential of controlling seizures. It is taken as oil that has a high concentration of CBD.
5. Alzheimer’s Disease
There is some interesting laboratory evidence showing that particular compounds of marijuana targets some underlying processes that lead to dementia especially Alzheimer’s disease.
Several clinical trials have been carried out to assess the effects of cannabinoids such as THC as well as synthetic ones such as nabilone. These have shown that marijuana improves behavioral symptoms of dementia such as aggression, agitation and anxiety.
Many medical uses of marijuana are available with the numerous compounds it contains. Management of pain, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, nausea and Alzheimer’s disease are some of the uses of medical marijuana that have been confirmed.